IronMind Resource Pages

Strongman and World's Strongest Man

World's Strongest Man, Jon Pall Sigmarsson, Bill Kazmaier, Jouko Ahola, Magnus Ver Magnusson, Magnus Samuelsson, Svend Karlsen, Zydrunas Savickas—if these names get you thinking about the Atlas Stones or how you can train to be in the World's Strongest Man contest yourself, IronMind is your home. Ever since MILO went to Scotland in 1994 to cover the European MusclePower and World MusclePower contests (meeting Manfred Hoeberl, Magnus Ver Magnusson, Heinz Ollesch, Ilkka Kinnunen, Wayne Price and Douglas Edmunds in the process), IronMind has been immersed in strongman.

The IronMind Draft Horse Pulling Harness™ has been used in World's Strongest Man contests for over a decade. Other IronMind products now making appearances at WSM events include the Tough-As-Nails Sandbag and extra-long versions of the S-Cubed Bar and the Apollon’s Axle. IronMind’s Strong-Enough Straps are the official lifting straps at World’s Strongest Man. We're on the field with the world's top strongmen. Read the IronMind News and check out the resources below for strongman profiles, photos, training, and results from MILO: A Journal for Serious Strength Athletes, published by IronMind.

Order any of these excellent resources on strongman and World's Strongest Man in IronMind’s e-store.

 Sons of Samson, Vol. 2 by David Webster
A big book full of facts, photos, and profiles of some traditional strongmen known by author David Webster during his career in hand balancing, strand pulling, and weightlifting; how the World's Strongest Man contest got started in 1978, WSM contest coverage through 1996, and top competitors of that time, including Bill Kazmaier and Jon Pall Sigmarsson.

The Conditioning Handbook: Getting in Top Shape by Brian Jones, M.S.
Your A-to-Z guide to building a high level of conditioning and endurance, this well-written, well-organized handbook presents everything you need to put together effective programs, including myriad sample workouts and routines.
 Jon Pall Sigmarsson Larger than Life
Four-time World’s Strongest Man winner Jon Pall Sigmarsson was the larger-than-life Icelandic strongman whose story was captured in this powerful documentary from the Land of Fire and Ice.
The World's Strongest Arms DVD
We'd guess that Magnus Samuelsson also has the World's Strongest Hands, because if you're familiar with his best performances on the No. 4 Captains of Crush Gripper or on the Rolling Thunder, you know why we say that. Learn from the best.

Articles in MILO:  A Journal for Serious Strength Athletes

If you're not familiar with our quarterly strength journal, let us introduce you to this publication non pareil, unmatched in the quality and scope of its articles and photos on people, training, contests, and history covering Olympic-style weightlifting, powerliftng, strongman, Highland Games, arm wrestling, grip, and other strength sports. If you like strength, you'll love MILO.

"Two Big Weekends in Scotland: World Highland Games Heavy Events Championships, European Muscle Power Championships, and World Musclepower Championships" by Archie Stevenson (Vol. 2, No. 3)
The report that introduced strongman contests and contestants like Manfred Hoeberl, Magnus Ver Magnusson, Gary Taylor, Heinz Ollesch, Wayne Price, Forbes Cowan to America.

"Out of Africa: 1994 World's Strongest Man Contest" by Archie Stevenson (Vol. 2, No. 4)
Contest report on the 1994 World's Strongest Man with big names like Riku Kiri, Manfred Hoeberl, and Magnus Ver Magnusson, who takes his second win.
"Megaman Meets Magnus: 1995 World Strength Championships and 1995 World Musclepower Championships" by Archie Stevenson (Vol. 3, No. 3)
Nathan “Megaman” Jones faced off with favorite Magnus Ver Magnusson over two weekends that included strongman stars Gary Taylor, Wayne Price, Phil Martin, and Forbes Cowan, among others, as well.
"Old Versus New: 1995 World's Strongest Man Competition" by Archie Stevenson (Vol. 3, No. 4)
The 1995 World's Strongest Man competition held in Nassau, Bahamas, saw newcomers like Magnus Samuelsson and Nathan Jones pitted against the old guard led by Magnus Ver Magnusson, with mighty Magnus Ver winning his third title.
"Scottish Mights: 1996 World Musclepower Championships" by Archie Stevenson (Vol. 4, No. 3)
Forbes Cowan and Magnus Samuelsson shone in the 1996 World Musclepower contest in Scotland that included quite a few newcomers.
"Magnus Outmuscles 'Em in Mauritius: 1996 World's Strongest Man Competition" by Archie Stevenson (Vol. 4, No. 4)
Magnus Ver Magnusson took his fourth World's Strongest Man championships, beating Riku Kiri, Gerrit Badenhorst, Forbes Cowan and other strongman greats.
"European Strong Men Classic 1997" by Peter Vermeulen (Vol. 5, No. 2)
Follow the strongman contest that saw Riku Kiri, Magnus Ver Magnusson, and Berend Veneberg take top honors.
"Mavrocks and the Missouri Strongest Man Contest" (Vol. 5, No. 4)
Back when stones were only available in Scotland, Chris Mavromatis tells how he created his stones of strength for his strongman contest.
"Wins and Losses in Las Vegas: 1997 World's Strongest Man Contest" by David Webster (Vol. 5, No. 4)
Young, highly-motivated competitors dominated the dramatic World's Strongest Man competition in 1997, eliminating the top three finishers from 1996 in the preliminary round.
"1998 Helsinki Grand Prix Results" (Vol. 6, No. 1)
Event-by-event results of the 1998 Helsinki Grand Prix, won by Jouko Ahola.
"1998 British MusclePower Championships" by Jockie Reeves (Vol. 6, No. 2)
This litmus test of strength athletes in the UK has been contested for over 20 years.
"Dynamite Duos: 1998 World Team Championships" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 6, No. 3)
Two-man teams from nine countries battled, and Wout Zjilstra (Netherlands) made a world record throw in the 56-weight for height along the way to victory, beating Jouko Ahola (Finland) by one-half point.
"Strong-Mania Around the Globe" (Vol. 6, No. 3)
The 1998 World's Strongest Man Contest saw the largest number of competitors yet, and huge efforts by the likes of Magnus Samuelsson, who placed first, and Jouko Ahola, who placed second.

"Season of Strength: The Helsinki Grand Prix 1999" by Jyrki Rantanen (Vol. 7, No. 1)
Jouko Ahola won in a big field of big names, including Magnus Samuelsson, Svend Karlsen, Janne Virtanen, Wout Zjilstra, Heinz Ollesch, Wayne Price, and Phil Pfister.
"Neese Going: Congratulations to the 1999 U. S. Champion: Beauty & the Beast Strongman Challenge" by J. V. Askem (Vol. 7, No. 2)
Two contests in one: the first crowned the top US strongman for 1999, and the second was an IFSA Grand Prix event, where eight American finalists faced off against six IFSA pros. 
"Showman Strongman: the Dutch Grand Prix 1999" by Peter Vermeulen (Vol. 7, No. 3)
Pro and veteran strongman and showman Gerritt Badenhorst bested Jouko Ahola in a top-notch line-up that also featured the 1999 U.S. champion, Brian Neese.
“Strong-Mania 1999” (Vol. 7, No. 3)
NASS and other local strongman contests are an indication of the interest and growth of strongman in the U.S. and elsewhere.
"Two TNT Strongman Competitions" by Jyrki Rantanen (Vol. 7, No. 4)
Re-live the Viking of the North 1999 Competition and the 1999 World's Strongest Team Competition.
"Maltese Muscle: 1999 World's Strongest Man" by David Webster (Vol. 7, No. 4)
After the qualifying rounds and the finals, Jouko Ahola emerged to take his second World's Strongest Man title. 
"Setting the Stage for 2000: IFSA Helsinki Grand Prix" by Jyrki Rantanen (Vol. 8, No. 1)
Emerging strongman star Janne Virtanen was the winner—a prelude to winning the 2000 World's Strongest Man. 

"Strong-Mania" (Vol. 8, No. 1)
Local strongman contests in the U.S., including the NASS Metroplex, give amateurs a start in the sport.

"Beauty and the Beast 2000: Haugen's Hawaiian Humdinger" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 8, No. 2)
After four qualifying events, the lucky twelve, including international and American pros, advanced to the finals where Janne Virtanen won a close race.
"Strong-Mania" (Vol. 8, No. 3)
Strongman contests all over the U.S. included America's Strongest Man with Brian Schoonveld as the winner.

"Another Hot One in Helsinki: IFSA 2001 Europe's Strongest Man Competition" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 9, No. 1)
Known for its very heavy strongman contests, Finland hosted an all-star cast of strongman, and when all was said and done, Svend Karlsen had won it by one-half point.

"2001 Beauty and the Beast World Strongman Challenge: Americans Turn Up the Heat in Hawaii" by Wade Gillingham (Vol. 9, No. 2)
Thirty competitors, whittled down to twelve for the finals, battled not only for top places in the competition, but also for spots at the 2001 World's Strongest Man contest.
"United in Strength: USA vs The World Xtreme Strongmen Competition" by Wade Gillingham (Vol. 9, No. 3)
A stalwart group of strongmen assembled in St. Louis, Missouri only nine days after the 9/11 terrorist attacks and proved that, in Svend Karlsen's words, “terrorism has no right!”
“2005 MET-Rx Muscle Beach Grand Prix: Four Go forward to WSM” by Colin Bryce (Vol. 13, No. 2)
This qualifier gave the top four guys a ticket to 2005 World's Strongest Man: Mariusz Pudzianowski, Jesse Marunde, Janne Virtanen, and Dominic Filiou.

“2005 IFSA World Strongman Championships: Zydrunas Reigns Supreme” by Brad Gillingham (Vol. 13, No. 3)
The inaugural world championships in North America included a big international field of strongman veterans.

“2005 World's Strongest Man: Mariusz is King of the Hill” by Colin Bryce (Vol. 13, No. 3)
After the preliminary heats, the final field was narrowed to ten, and while Mariusz won for the third time, it was Jesse Marunde, in second, who wowed the crowds in China.
 “2006 Arnold Classic” by Colin Bryce (Vol. 14, No. 1)
The Arnold Strongman Classic is famous for its extremely heavy events and its large prize money purse, and this year was no different.
“2006 Mohegan Sun World's Strongest Man Super Series: Hugo's Big Bang” by Lene Alexandra Karlsen (Vol. 14, No. 2)
The starting list included four former World's Strongest Man winners—five if you include emcee Kaz—although several fell by the wayside with injuries. Who prevailed?
“2006 MET-Rx World's Strongest Man: The Last Half Point” by Colin Bryce (Vol. 14, No. 3)
With the final field chosen, the question was, could anyone beat Mariusz in the 2006 World's Strongest Man, or was it a fait accompli?
“2007 WSMSS Muscle Beach Grand Prix: Heavy Loads and Double Trouble” by Lene Alexandra Karlsen (Vol. 15, No. 2)
Lene Karlsen reports from Venice Beach, California, where David Ostlund beat four-time World's Strongest Man winner Mariusz Pudzianowski.
“Welcome to the Land of Viking Power!” by Lene Alexandra Karlsen (Vol. 15, No. 2)
Lene Karlsen with a back-stage look at 2001 World's Strongest Man Svend Karlsen's Viking Power Challenge, with a line-up of international strongman stars.
"World’s Strongest Man 2007" by Lene Alexandra Karlsen (Vol. 15, No. 4)
Mariusz shows everyone that he’s the World’s Strongest Man—for the fourth time! Lene Karlsen's insider’s look from Anaheim, California.
“2008 Mohegan Sun WSMSS Grand Prix: It All Came Down to the Stones” by Lene Alexandra Karlsen (Vol. 16, No. 1)
The first Super Series strongman contest of 2008 came down to the final event, where nobody managed to lift all five stones. Who won: Mariusz Pudzianowski or Derek Poundstone?
“Super Series Madison Square Garden Grand Prix” by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 16, No. 2)
Strongman comes to the Garden! A behind-the-scenes and on-the-floor photo essay of this WSM qualifying event.
“Fortissimus: A Mighty Challenge—A Magnificent Win” by Kristin Nelson (Vol. 16, No. 2)
Only the best of the best were invited to this grueling strongman competition in Quebec, Canada, to see who would be crowned as Louis Cyr’s heir. Read about the amazing finish between Derek Poundstone and Zydrunas Savickas at the last event—a truly unbelievable feat! 
"Mariusz Pudzianowski . . . WSM Quintuple" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 16, No. 4)
It had never been done, but then there's never been a strongman like Mariusz Pudzianowski before.  Could he win the World's Strongest Man contest for a fifth time? 
“2009 Giants Live–Mohegan Sun:  Derek Pounds Out a Big Win” by Colin Bryce (Vol. 17, No. 2)
Amazing photos by Randall Strossen and Colin Bryce's first-hand account of this WSM qualifying event.
“105-kg World Record Breakers:  The King Has Lost His Crown” by Jyrki Rantanen (Vol. 17, No. 3)
This 2-day strongman competition in Hamina, Finland ran concurrently with the Finnish Championships.  Finnish champ Janne Hartikainen started strong but Ukranian Sergey Konyushok gained the crown.
“Canada World Strength Presents Fortissimus 2009:  Building on the Tradition of Louis Cyr” by William Crawford, M.D. (Vol. 17, No. 3)
To uphold the reputation of Cyr, Fortissimus is billed as heavier and more challenging than any other strongman contest held in the world.  Read about the rematch for this title of the strongest man on the planet, between Zydrunas Savickas and Derek Poundstone.
 "Strongman Debuts in Paris" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 18, No. 1)
The 2010 Salon Body Fitness Expo in Paris featured the Strongman Champions League/Eric Favre Strongman Records competition, combining the French National Strongman Championships with a world records assault by none other than Zydrunas Savickas, in a show that brought big-time strongman to Paris, France.
"2011 Giants Live–London Qualifying Tour: Shaw Secures Spot at WSM" by Elizabeth Hammond (Vol. 19, No. 1)
While the fate of strongman Brian Shaw was never in doubt, follow the play-by-play for the second and third place finishers, who also earned their spots at World's Strongest Man.
"Old-Time Strongman Makes a Comeback" by Thom Van Vleck (Vol. 19, No. 1)
In this first-ever USAWA old-time strongman contest, the most weight wins, not time or distance, opening up a new addition to the strength world for every aspiring strongman and strongwoman.
"45 Hours in Finland" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D.(Vol. 19, No. 2)
Jyrki Rantanen plays host to Randall Strossen for the Strongman Champions League-Finland competition at IdeaPark.
"2011 World's Strongest Man: The Might of Reality TV" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 19, No. 4)
Brian Shaw and Zydrunas Savickas battle it out for the 2011 World's Strongest Man, the world's premier strongman competition.

"2012 Iceman III: Zydrunas Makes It Three" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 20, No. 1)
Zydrunas Savickas clashes with strongmen Laurence Shahlaei and Janusz Kaluga in Finland, as he attempts to win his third straight strongman title, and in the process sets a new world record in the Viking Press with 165 kg x 12 reps.

"So You Wanna Be a Strongman?" by Dennis Rogers (Vol. 1, No. 1)
Three different kinds of strongmen—Carl Braun, heavy events; Dave Patton, arm wrestler; and Slim “The Hammer Man” Farman, king of leverage―are profiled.

Manfred Hoeberl, strongman star, describes his approach to strongman training and competition.
"Magnus Ver Magnusson: World's Strongest Man―Again" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 3, No. 1)
Magnus Ver Magnusson, more than any other in the past decade, has captured the imaginations of strongman fans; read about how he got started, his training, and his lifts.

"Pulcinella: Philadelphia Strongman" by Dr. Ken E. Leistner (Vol. 3, No. 1)
Philadelphia strongman Steve Pulcinella is introduced and his background and training program, and goals are presented.
"Gary Taylor: Power Portfolio" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 3, No. 2)
Accomplished, all-around strongman and 1993 World's Strongest Man Gary Taylor is profiled, including his background in bodybuilding and Olympic-style weightlifting, and his training, nutrition, and goals.
"Gary Taylor―No Prisoner of Gravity" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 3, No. 3)
You'll enjoy this unique opportunity to watch 1993 World's Strongest Man Gary Taylor train.
"Wayne Price: One Giant Gentleman" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 4, No. 1)
Meet gentleman and strongman Wayne Price of South Africa, famous for his leopard print kilt, and find out about his background, diet, training, and thoughts on strongman.
"Jamie Reeves: Back on the Circuit" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 4, No. 2)
Jamie Reeves, who beat Jon Pall Sigmarrson and Bill Kazmaier to take first at the 1989 World's Strongest Man contest, talks about his training and his comeback.
"Phil Martin: The Top American Strongman Joins the Captains of Crush" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 5, No. 1)
Meet top American strongman Phil Martin, who started in the Highland Games and went all the way to World's Strongest Man, joining the Captains of Crush as well.
"He's Back: Manfred Hoeberl Returns to Competition" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 5, No. 1)
After a devastating car accident, strongman Manfred Hoeberl talks about why he's attempting a comeback. 
"Riku Kiri: Finnish Phenomenon" By Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 5, No. 2)
Finnish strongman powerhouse Riku Kiri is introduced and we learn about his diet, training, and thoughts about strongman.
"Gary Taylor: Get Up and Get On" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 5, No. 2)
After being flattened by a 450-kg tire, Gary Taylor gives his perspective on his knee injury and its treatment and set-backs in general.

 "Bill Kazmaier: King of Kraftsport" by Randall J. Strossen, Ph.D. (Vol. 5, No. 3)

Follow the saga of Bill Kazmaier, from high school football to his three-year sweep of the World's Strongest Man title.
Manfred Hoeberl tells of witnessing Robert Baraban close his No. 3 Captains of Crush gripper. 
Read the profile of 1997 World's Strongest Man Jouko Ahola. 
Learn about renowned strongman Magnus Samuelsson's training, diet, and outlook on strongman and life. 
Finland has a great tradition of strength and is home to many strongman competitors. 
Find out how a lot of hard work and training put Ken Brown on the U.S. strongman map. 
Learn the training secrets of World’s Strongest Man winner Jouko Ahola, and what drives him to victory time and again. 
Meet Ilkka Nummisto, one of Finland’s early strongmen. 
Follow Randall Strossen as he does the strongman tour of Finland. 
Get a snapshot portrait of Ilkka Kinnunen, competitor in World’s Strongest Man and winner of the 1993 European Musclepower Championships and the 1994 Finnish Open.
Meet Mark Philippi, winner of the 1997 U.S. Strongest Man contest and the only American to make it to the 1998 World’s Strongest Man competition. 
You’ll enjoy meeting Odd Haugen, strongman competitor and Beauty and the Beast world strongman competitions organizer. 
Janne Virtanen, three-time Strongest Man in Finland and winner of the 2000 World’s Strongest Man contest, has enjoyed great success in strongman. 
This versatile strength athlete from Holland has distinguished himself in both strongman and Highland Games, and set a world record in the 56-pound weight for height. 
Learn how 2001 World’s Strongest Man winner Svend Karlsen trains, as well as what this champion eats for breakfast. 
Martin Muhr began his strength training with stone lifting at age 13, and year 2000 found him competing in the World’s Strongest Man contest. 
Get to know Phil Pfister, widely regarded as the best American strongman on the circuit. 
Winning the first two World’s Strongest Man contests, Bruce Wilhelm was also an accomplished Olympic-style weightlifter, Greco-Roman wrestler, and shot putter. 
Witness the drive that powers strongman Whit Baskin to success, and learn what enabled his dramatic return to competition in 2002. 
Powerlifting great Don Reinhoudt was also the winner of the third World’s Strongest Man contest. 
This article explores the training program of Hugo Girard, owner of what have been called the strongest shoulders on the strongman circuit and frequent winner of the Canadian Strongest Man competition. 
IPF world champion Jean-Pierre Brulois also competed in four World Strongest Man contests: 1985, 1986, 1988, and 1992. 
Get the goods on this three-time (in a row, no less!) Arnold Classic strongman winner.
Jesse Marunde is arguably the biggest American star to hit strongman in a long time. Dr. Strossen reports in detail on Jesse’s training—“to get better, you need to do more.” 
When Phil Pfister banged the Circus Dumbbell overhead for the six reps at the 2006 Arnold, MILO went on record predicting that Phil would win the 2006 World’s Strongest Man . . . and he did. 
It came down to the last day of the finals, two events left, and the defending champion had a 1-1/2 point lead over the challenger . . . find out how Phil Pfister ended a 24-year drought for Americans at World’s Strongest Man. 
Join MILO in Reykjavik, Finland at the premiere of the documentary on life of the beloved strongman Jon Pall Sigmarsson. 
Read the in-depth interview with Geoff Capes, champion shot-putter, World's Strongest Man, and Highland Games athlete.
Steve Schmidt is a weightlifter and strongman whose career has spanned four decades.  Steve is one of the best short-steel benders in the world, and what sets him apart are his teeth-lifting and pulling feats—read about his many amazing feats.
Stanless Steel, performing strongman and subject of a full-length documentary, doesn't know he can't—he will take on a lift, bend, or feat with the full intent of succeeding.  What would be the possibilities for our lives, communities, and beyond, if we applied the same determination?  

Many think that Pudzianowski's dominance in WSM makes him the greatest strongman since the turn of the century, if not all time.  Others think that Savickas's capture of four significant titles gives him a more speckled dossier and the true claim to that title.  Who is best? 
A protege of The Mighty Atom, Slim "The Hammerman" Farman was recently inducted into the York Barbell Hall of Fame.  Not only does he have an impressive iron game resume, he is a man of integrity and honor who says, "You have the power inside."  Read about the personal struggles and successes that got him where he is.
After Regan Bridge began his stonelifting journey, he abandoned traditional barbell exercises—yet we have only been lifting "traditional" barbells for little more than a century, but we have been lifting stones for thousands of years.

From winning the 2010 Arnold Amateur Strongman World Championships to cementing himself as a perenial World's Strongest Man threat, Mike Jenkins has established himself as a true professional.

Specialty strongman Joe Ponder broke the size and age barriers with his iron jaw (teeth-lifting) performances. 
Reub Martin, the great hand balancer and gymnast, had a fantastic physical development and radiated strength and health: learn about his life. 
The story of the famous Polish strongman Siegmund Breitbart, master of jaw and supporting power. 
Weightlifter and powerlifter John Gallagher performed feats of strength and was the first man in 100 years to lift with one hand the larger of the fabled Dinnie Stones. 
Londoner Topham, of the 1700s, was one of Britain’s early strongmen, most famously known for lifting three casks filled with water in a harness-style lift. 
The exhibit of Louis Cyr memorabilia in Ben Weider’s gym in Montreal, Quebec is a fascinating presentation of Cyr’s powerful legend. 
Two men, one of them George Jowett, share their encounters with the incomparable Louis Cyr. 
Joseph Svub writes about the history of strongmen of the great Russian circuses. 
Still today, the name Arvid Andersson and his famous nickname “Starke Arvid” (“Strong Arvid”) stir up proud emotions in Swedish people. The myth of this famous strongman is still alive and Gherardo Bonini shares his story. 
Since the start of the twentieth century, wrestling had become a very common and popular performance in Russian circus rings. Meet some of the original and most famous female circus wrestlers. 
The history behind the book Yours in Perfect Manhood, about the legendary Angelo Siciliano, also known as Charles Atlas. 
Born and bred in Ukraine, weightlifting great Viktor Solovyev’s compatriots idolized him, calling him “the pride of Kharkov.” 
Strongman and weightlifter of the 1930s, Bert Assirati, although never the official holder of that title, was considered by many to be Britain’s Strongest Man. 
The figure of Max Dauthage represents a crucial transition between the older (gymnastics) and newer (weightlifting) physical cultures and is an interesting example of an all-round athlete. 
In his prime, Lutz was reputed as the most complete athlete of the world:  as a weightlifter, thrower, wrestler and runner, no one in the world could boast of a similar curriculum.
Georg Lurich was the greatest strongman of his time. As a champion wrestler and weightlifter, he played a remarkable role in the popularization of heavy athletics in Estonia—and all of the Russian Empire.  
The time has come to unveil the real measurements of the historical Apollon's Wheels, with some surprising facts. 
Sergey Yeleseyev was one of the most prominent weightlifters of his era, a two-time Russian champion, the first world weightlifting champion from Russia, and a tireless record-setter. 
"History of the Neck Lift" by Al Myers (Vol. 19, No. 3)                                                              
The neck lift has been contested in all-round weightlifting for over 50 years. Read about its progression and the sibling rivalry that led to breaking the 800-lb. barrier.
Relish the great feats of strength of past strongmen Gustav Bosberg, Quid Meyer, and Alexander Znamensky (aka William Moor).
Known as the "strongest athlete of the present times" and the "champion athlete of Russia," Georg Lurich was a true world citizen.  Follow his path to "A-lister" as he tours and entertains throughout all of Europe, squaring off against competitors such as Moor-Znamensky, the brothers Rasso, Kazolaki, Dunayev, and Nouroulah Hassan.
Though difficult to ascertain, surely in the conversation of the strongest man of all time or country is a man from Luxembourg, one of the smallest countries in Europe—John Grun.
The most famous of Scotland’s manhood stones (clach cuid fir) is introduced and tackled—to no avail. 
Three mere mortals tackle the Inver Stone and the McGlashen Stones. 
Four British gripsters attempt to conquer the famed Dinnie Stones .
One of the four noted above, Lee chronicles in detail his training for and his attempts at lifting the noted stones of strength of Scotland.

You’ll find out the ins and outs of this traditional and popular event in strongman contests, along with how to train and how to make your own implements. 
The perfect introduction to beginning to train for strongman events. 
As strongman becomes increasingly competitive, Karl Gillingham explains a new training routine for success in strongman competitions. 
In this article, Collin Moshman lays out the arguments for making strongman competitions more about absolute strength, and less about endurance. 
Train effectively for strongman even if you don’t have a back yard full of strongman implements. 
These GPP workouts will help achieve an increase in the body’s capability to adapt and recover from training. 
 Read about Steve Justa’s self-described “out of control” and “extreme” workouts. 
Steve Justa shows you how to build brute strength and work a lot of stabilizer muscles by lugging heavy concrete blocks; he also instructs you on how to make your own! 
“Strongman Training: A Macrocycle Approach” by Bryan M. Dermody (Vol. 13, No. 4) Bryan Dermody’s schedule helps you reach the midpoint between strength gain and overtraining in order to compete at a high level in strongman without the use of performance-enhancing drugs. 
Want to build up your backwards-dragging power? Steve Justa shows you how to lasso a chunk of concrete and give it what for. 
An outdoor walkabout can be a great training opportunity. 
Jon Bruney’s exercise routine will build tremendous tendon strength as well as create the ability to handle heavy loads. 
When your aerobic capacity and your stamina are strong, you are strong. John Brookfield shows you a world-class way to push the limit and improve your conditioning. 
Steve Justa has just what the doctor ordered—a workout that will test your mettle and work muscles that you probably didn’t even know you had. 
Steve Justa's recommendations on testing your strength and why lifting heavy odd objects is always a good break from normal training.
Steve Justa recommends keg-loading training for anybody in the market for super strength and explains his theories on muscular energy and strength. 
Isometric training will improve your speed-strength, will keep you younger, and will make your body more efficient. Steve Justa separates isometrics into three training categories for maximum benefit. 
Handling big heavy shafts builds enormous strength and endurance in your core and is probably one of the most basic tests of overall bodily strength. 
The best way to build true, powerful core strength is with the use of actual weights. Steve Justa shares his “3 mores” for building more strength and energy with every workout. 
Pressing heavy kettlebells overhead is one of the best exercises for building all-around strength. Follow Jon’s six-week Foundations routine and if you put in the effort, in six weeks you’l l have a new PR. 
John shows you a very simple yet effective way to develop extreme strength–endurance using a chain and PVC pipe. 
 Here’s an advanced 12-week program for those who dream of 24” necks. 
Try the one-arm drag for a new twist in training your legs, hips, stomach, and shoulders. A seemingly simple workout, it is tough way to train that will produce great results in your physique and conditioning. 
“The Neck Project (Part III): Defending Gray Matter” by Steven Helmicki (Vol. 16, No. 2) An advanced 12-week neck training program for those who have previous consistent neck work training of at least one year. 
Train your mind and body to work and compete at a higher level of intensity for an extended duration with John Brookfield’s rope training system. 
It can be reasoned that men first used strength training for the single purpose of becoming a better warrior. Motivate yourself by associating your workouts with ancient warrior ways. 
Steve’s off-balance training program helps build muscle coordination as well as strong and flexible joints, which may save you from strongman career-ending injuries. 
The HusaSteel, a shot-filled and plate-loaded Husafell Stone replica, is used for pre-hab and training for stone lifting; Steven Helmicki offers a pile of workouts.
Steve Justa is inspired by the strength of elephants and came up with his idea of high-rep isometrics to build tremendous power by shoving, pushing, and pulling on things over an extended period of time.
Strength is the ability to move, lift, or support heavy objects without becoming physically tired.  Arthur Saxon built extraordinary endurance strength through discipline, regularity, and consistency.    
Using a weight vest in your training creates a great opportunity for using more progressive overload techniques than other types of training.      
 John Brookfield's dragging workout using a rope or chain is a unique and effective way to develop great upper-body strength and enhance your grip strength at the same time.     
Use strongman log training to build tremendous brute strength, alter your physique, and condition your entire body. 
Tim Piper set out to train like a draft horse to build stamina, strength and overall physical conditioning, and, with the help of Mike Waller, developed a fun and interesting training program. 
John Brookfield shares his strategy and training for pulling a semi-trailer truck for distance, including the weight carry, chain drag, and rope pull. 
“Getting the Body Ripped and Toned in a Fast and Healthy Way” by Steve Justa (Vol. 17, No. 4) 
Hitting all your different muscles directly, not just a few—and doing it hard—is the key to getting conditioned, ripped, and toned.  Want to shed excess weight and get into shape?  Listen to Steve Justa.  
"Step Up to the Bar" by John Brookfield (Vol. 18, No. 1) Unconventional training techniques can often simulate situations faced in sport. John Brookfield presents a unique and simple way to work your entire body by training with a heavy bar.  
"Dividing Up the Body for Strength" by Steve Justa (Vol. 18, No. 1) Dividing up the body for strength a la Steve Justa will toughen your body and build your strength and endurance in all your lifts, not to mention you'll get all-around power development.  
In need of warrior conditioning and power? Steve's twelve-week pool-training program is for trainees looking to improve their explosive power and endurance using water, kettlebells and bands. 
Conditioning the body to withstand the impact of being struck repeatedly by different implements in a controlled manner will cause the muscles to become harder, stronger, and more resilient.
Start with lengths of chain with IronMind Daisy Chains attached, bring along your Headstrap Fit for Hercules and SUPER SQUATS Hip Belt and you can train anywhere.
This results-producing workout uses one of the best natural training objects around, the stone.  You will work your entire body in a world-class functional way while you are using and enhancing your cardiovascular system at the same time.  
Bike riding is great for the cardiovascular system and it will help you get in better shape and help you make great progress in your other training.  
Develop explosive power, and physical and mental endurance with this deceptively simple workout—all you need are a ball and towel.  
"Summer Primal Circuit" by Jon Bruney (Vol. 18, No. 3) 
Get out of the gym and breathe new life into your training with this conditioning circuit that will test your physical and mental endurance. 
Steve Justa pushes his mind and body past normal limits in his crazy workouts that define his warrior code. 
Paul Mouser gives a breakdown of strongman conditioning: how the body's systems provide energy, how to train them, and what activities will benefit from emphasizing each system. 
Use simple resistance implements to push through the sticking points you face in your strength goals. 
"Laurel and Hardy Sprints for Stamina" by John Brookfield (Vol. 18, No. 4) 
If you want to develop stamina and discipline, this sprinting workout will force you to train at a high level of intensity.  You'll develop the physical and mental conditiong to keep going and not give up or stop. 
Hip-focused training is essential for any strength athlete. Jon Bruney's hip strength routine will help you build hip strength that will increase your overall athleticism. 
Scrapping iron builds tremendous muscles and great endurance, in addition to being a tough mental workout. 
Combine running with chopping for a great outdoor workout that will enhance your cardiovascular fitness and muscle endurance. 
Consistently battling against resistance makes us stronger mentally and physically.  The resistance workout presented will test your body from head to toe.  
Explosive movements are essential for building your strength, speed, and power, and improving your overall athletic ability.
The awkward nature of the sandbag press makes it an excellent croos-training exercise for strongmen, as well as football linemen and wrestlers. 
This back, lats and traps workout will "sandwich" three types of exercises into a superset to give you quick results, using three types of movements:  compound, isometric, and speed.
Arthur Saxon trained for strength and endurance, doing heavy singles and working as many different movements as possible.  This is the route to becoming a great all-round lifter as well as maximum strength and maximum bodyweight.
Strength training's evolution of thought and action mirrors that of the cathedrals in medieval Europe, and the great hospitals in America.  Develop "functional strength" along with a "functional mind" by putting the barbell down and lifting stones.
By performing a routine that includes squats and presses before breakfast, you'll create a boost of growth hormone that will cause your strength and muscles to increase to whole new level.
Follow Roger Davis as he introduces you to the feat stones of North Wales, hoisting them along the way and forging a connection with the past.
An ultimate test in strength and character, the mythical 5 yards across the Potarch Bridge has been achieved by only three men.  Read about the and the mysteries surrounding this feat done by by Donald Dinnie, Calum Morrison and Glenn Ross.
Take an expedition to the Thomas Inch challenge dumbbell, and disocover the secrets and techniques passed down over the years from a few successful—and many failed—attempts to deadlift the infamous dumbbell.
Roger Davis' stonelifting journey continues in the Anglesey villages of Gaerwen and Bodedern, where he discovers the real legacy of stonelfiting is as much about the people who have lifted the stones as it is about the stones themselves.
Bill McDaniel examines the epic strength of Beowulf, reported to have had the strength of thirty men, through the lens of the historically popular pastime of tug-of-war.
Get ready to hit some new PRs as Jon Bruney shows you how to break through your strength training barriers.
Roger Davis travels to Spain and tests himself against the historic lifting stones from the early days of Basque stonelifting, meeting some Basque stonelifting greats, like Inaki Gorostidi and Goenatxo II, along the way.